Microbiological Diagnostics in Periodontics
You will receive 1 credit(s) of continuing education credit upon successful completion of this course. The purchase price of this course is $41.00
This course attempts to determine the usefulness of various microbiological testing systems for the management of periodontitis patients.
Upon completion of this course, participants should be able to do the following:
- Identify microorganisms that have been implicated in periodontal disease.
- Explain the importance of antimicrobial susceptibility testing.
- Discuss the purpose of microbial testing during the treatment evaluation phase.
Microbiological tests in periodontics can be of great help in determining the characteristics of a pathogenic infection, prescribing the optimal antibiotic regimen and monitoring the effectiveness of treatment. However, they are not without potential pitfalls. Current microbiological tests vary considerably in sensitivity and specificity. A false positive test result may lead to unnecessary therapy and patient distress. A false negative test result may prompt the withholding of necessary therapy and the subsequent progression of disease. Also, diagnostic tests can be relatively expensive and uncomfortable for patients. This article attempts to determine the usefulness of various microbiological testing systems for the management of periodontitis patients.
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- Listgarten MA, Slots J, Nowotny AH, et al. Incidence of periodontitis recurrence in treated patients with and without cultivable Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Prevotella intermedia and Porphyromonas gingivalis: a prospective study. J Periodontol. 1991; 62:377-386.
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- Brown LF, Beck JD, Rozier RG. Incidence of attachment loss in community-dwelling older adults. J Periodontol. 1994; 65:316-323.
- Machtei EE, Dunford R, Hausmann E, et al. Longitudinal study of prognostic factors in established periodontitis patients. J Clin Periodontol. 1997; 24:102-109.
- Slots J, Taichman NS, Oler J, et al. Does the analysis of the subgingival flora have value in predicting periodontal breakdown? In Guggenheim B (ed): ERGOB Proceedings on the Conference "Periodontology Today." Basal, Switzerland, S. Karger AG, pp 132-140, 1988.
- Van Winkelhoff AJ, Rams TE, Slots J. Systemic antibiotic therapy in periodontics. Periodontol2000. 1996; 10:45-78.
- Fine DH. Microbial identification and antibiotic sensitivity testing, an aid for patients refractory to periodontal therapy. A report of 3 cases. J Clin Periodontol. 1994; 21:98-106.
- Walker CB. The acquisition of antibiotic resistance in the periodontal microflora. Periodontol 2000. 1996; 10:79-88.
- Gunsolley JC, Chinchilli VN, Savitt ED, et al. Analysis of site-specific periodontal bacteria sampling schemes. J Periodontol. 1992; 63:507-514.
- Slots J, Rams TE. Methods for the study of oral microorganism. In Slots J, Taubman MA (eds): Contemporary Oral Microbiology and Immunology. St. Louis, Mosby. 1992: pp 275-282.
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- Keilty RA. The present state of our knowledge of gingivitis. J Lab Clin Med. 1928; 13:451-468.
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