Endodontic Microsurgery and the Surgical Operating Microscope
You will receive 1 credit(s) of continuing education credit upon successful completion of this course. The purchase price of this course is $38.00


This course discusses the background and benefits of using surgical operating microscopes in endodontic surgery.

Learning Objectives:

Upon completion of this course, participants should be able to do the following:

  1. Describe the evolution and current status of magnification and light amplification in endodontic surgery.
  2. Discuss the advantages of using a surgical operating microscope.
  3. Describe essential equipment that is used in endodontic microsurgery.
  4. Explain what can be accomplished with microsurgical techniques.


Many clinicians have benefited from using surgical telescopes and headlamps to enhance the visual access of clinical procedures. Historically, the surgical operating microscope has provided opportunities for the medical community in the development of new treatment strategies. Recently, the operating microscope was introduced into the endodontic community and its benefits in surgical endodontics have become widely known. Cases that once seemed impossible could now be treated with a high degree of confidence and clinical success. This article describes the advantages of the surgical operating microscope.



  1. Introduction

  2. The Need to See Better

    1. Advantages of the SOM

  3. Microsurgical Technique

  4. Other Advantages of the SOM

  5. Summary


  1. Rubinstein RA. New Horizons in Endodontic Surgery, Part I: The Operating Microscope. MI Dent Review. 1991; 30(12):7.
  2. Rubinstein RA. New Horizons in Endodontic Surgery, Part II: Periapical Ultrasonics and More. Dent Review. 1991; 30(13):9.
  3. Carr G. Microscopes in Endodontics. Calif Dent Assoc J. 1992; (11):55-61.
  4. Pecora G, Andreana S. Use of Dental Operating Microscope in Endodontic Surgery. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1993; 75:751-758.
  5. Pecora G, Covani U, Giardino L, et al. Valutazioni clinico-statistiche sull? uso dello stereomicroscopio in odontoiatria. Riv Ital Stomatol. 1993; 8:425-431.
  6. Izawa T, Kim S, Suda H, et al. Microscopic Endodontic Surgery. Quintessence Int (Japan). 1994; 13:54-65.
  7. Shelton M. Working in a Very Small Place: The Making of a Neurosurgeon. 1st ed. New York, NY: Vintage; 1989.
  8. Weller N, Niemczyk S, Kim S. The Incidence and Position of the Canal Isthmus, Part 1: The Mesiobuccal Root of the Maxillary First Molar. J Endod. 1995; 21:380-383.
  9. Rubinstein R, Kim S. Results of 94 Endodontic Microsurgeries using SuperEBA Retrofill. J Endod. 1996; 22:188.

American Dental Association is an ADA CERP Recognized Provider.

ADA CERP is a service of the American Dental Association to assist dental professionals in identifying quality providers of continuing dental education. ADA CERP does not approve or endorse individual courses or instructors, nor does it imply acceptance of credit hours by boards of dentistry.