Sports play a significant role in many nations worldwide. Unfortunately, in most sports there is potential for facial and dental injury. Certainly in team sports, body contact between opposing players, even though an integral part of the play, may result in injuries. Even in sports with fewer players the potential for dental injuries exists, particularly when sticks, bats, racquets, clubs, balls or hard objects traveling at high speed are used. Dental injuries can range from minor chipping of teeth to more serious personal injuries such as broken jaws and loss or fracture of teeth. To the athletes involved, these are permanent injuries they will carry as evidence of their sporting careers. The predictability of dental injury patterns in sports requires the dental profession, the community, trainers and health practitioners to emphasize prevention as the effective solution for sporting injuries. The information presented in this course is essentially a literature review of dental injury patterns and methods of prevention.